It’s easy to over-state the degree of factionalism and related tokenism in the Labour Party. After all, National has its own factions: rural, Auckland business community, classical liberals etc, and they have to be accommodated during re-shuffles and list design. The difference is that many of Labour’s factions relate to identity politics. So people who think it’s natural to have, say, farmers well represented in a National caucus will also consider it completely absurd to see Pacifica or gay or Maori MPs promoted to represent those groups in a Labour caucus. But it’s the same thing.